Rangoon (Yangon) University

   Burma's oldest degreeconferring institution of higher education, formally established in 1920 by the British colonial government. The Rangoon University Act was controversial because the new institution had little autonomy and offered a curriculum along British lines that was designed to train a small number of élite civil servants. Instruction was in English rather than Burmese. In protest, a student strike was organized in November 1920. After 1935, when Ko Nu became president of the Rangoon University Students Union (RUSU), the scenic campus along the shores of Inya Lake and the area around the Shwe Dagon Pagoda, where students established strike centers, became sites of student activism that played a vital role in the struggle for independence. The pre-World War II university had four basic components: University College, Judson College (a Baptist missionary institution), the Teachers Training College, and the Medical College. There were also postgraduate courses in Law and Engineering. Ethnic minorities, especially Karens (Kayins), were well represented at Judson College (often nicknamed "Karen College"); most Burman (Bamar) students attended University College, which in the late 1930s had 800 male and 200 female students. According to Mi Mi Khaing, the women were happily idolized and fussed over by the exuberant male students. Apart from RUSU and political activism, the campus was kept lively by activities such as the Rangoon University Boat Club, which held regattas on Inya Lake, and frequent anyeint performances.
   Student freedoms were sharply curtailed after the July 7, 1962 Incident, when the military demolished the RUSU building. The Ne Win regime reorganized Burma's university system in 1964, and RU became the Rangoon Arts and Sciences University (RASU), offering courses in natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, while the medical, education, and economics faculties were split off to become separate institutions. RASU had affiliated colleges at Botataung, Hlaing, Kyimyindine, and Prome (Pyay), as well as a Workers College and the Yangon Cooperative Degree College, though these were reorganized and consolidated during the 1990s. In 1997-1998 its faculty numbered 945 and the student body 13,539.
   Following the massive demonstrations of Democracy Summer in 1988, the State Law and Order Restoration Council/State Peace and Development Council kept the campuses of RASU and other universities closed for much of the time until 2001, although student demonstration broke out at RASU in 1991 and 1996. The military regime has also built new universities, located far outside Rangoon's city center, to make it difficult for students and ordinary citizens to mingle. The future of Rangoon University is unclear.
   See also Dagon University; Rangoon Institute of Technology.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rangoon (Yangon) Institute of Technology —    (RIT)    Originally the Department of Engineering at Rangoon (Yangon) University. A new campus at Gyogone, Insein Township, was constructed in 1958 1961 with assistance from the Soviet Union. RIT became completely independent of Rangoon… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Rangoon (Yangon) Division —    One of Burma s 14 states and divisions, it has an area of 10,171 square kilometers (3,927 square miles), making it the smallest of Burma s regional jurisdictions, and an estimated population in 2000 of 5.56 million (1983 census figure:… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Yangon University —    See Rangoon University …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Rangoon —    (Yangon)    Burma s capital and largest city from the British colonial era until 2005. Its population was 2,513,123 when the last official census was taken in 1983, but at the beginning of the 21st century it was estimated at between 4.5 and 5 …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Rangoon University Students Union —    (RUSU)    Established as a student body organization in the 1920s to promote campus life, RUSU played a central role in the political struggles of the 1930s and after Burma became independent in 1948. The election of Ko Nu as its president in… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Yangon — Rangoon redirects here. For other uses, see Rangoon (disambiguation). Yangon ရန်ကုန် Rangoon   City   …   Wikipedia

  • University of Yangon — Infobox University name = Yangon University native name = Yangon Tekkado IPA2|jàngòʊn tɛʔga̰dò motto = With Truth and Loyalty established = 1878 type = Public faculty = 1023 Rector = Dr. Tin Tun Prorector = Dr. Ko Ko Kyaw Soe undergrad = 13,500… …   Wikipedia

  • University of Medicine-1, Yangon — Infobox University name = University of Medicine 1, Yangon native name = image size = caption = latin name = motto = Service, Sympathy, Humanity established = 1927, February 2nd closed = type = affiliation = endowment = officer in charge =… …   Wikipedia

  • Yangon — Rangun Basisdaten Division: Rangun Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • University of Culture, Yangon — Infobox University name =University of Culture, Yangon motto = Mind when tame is conducive to happiness established =September, 1993 type =public chancellor =U Tin Soe students =>430 undergrad = staff =384 city =South Dagon, Yangon, Burma website …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.